The bronze mirror takes the shape of heaven and place. In ancient China, Tianyuan is a symbol of fullness, integrity, auspiciousness, beauty and abundance. In Chinese, reunion and completeness are auspicious words. Therefore, the circular mirror has always been an important form of copper mirror. Square is a rare form of ancient Chinese mirror outside the circle. Most of the square mirrors are square, and there are also very rare rectangular forms.
Bronze mirror is a brilliant treasure in ancient Chinese bronze art. Chinese bronze mirror is famous for its "elaborate decoration and exquisite production". The bronze mirror art of each dynasty has been created, either simple, or smart, gorgeous, or simple and elegant, and the production process is different.
The mirror complex of Chinese people has existed since ancient times. In menglianglu, it is described that the bronze mirror "the cloud wants clothes, the flowers want looks, and the precious mirror reflects the spring wind" is the feelings and thoughts of boudoir girls. There is a saying in the old Tangshu weizhengzhuan that "take copper as the mirror and dress properly" is the code of conduct of scholar officials for thousands of years.
Copper mirror is usually made of bronze with high tin content. The bright side is mirror, and the center of the reverse side is equipped with buttons to wear the belt for hand holding. Most of them have patterns and inscriptions, which have strong characteristics of the times.
Bronze mirrors first appeared in the Shang Dynasty, most of which were sacrificial ritual vessels. From the spring and Autumn period to the Warring States period to the Qin Dynasty, they were generally enjoyed by kings and nobles. At the end of the Western Han Dynasty, bronze mirrors gradually went to the people, and they were indispensable tools for people's daily life.
When ancient women married, bronze mirror was an essential dowry. On the day of marriage, the bride had to bow down to the bronze mirror and the jade line to pray for peace, and to pray for children.
With the development of bronze mirror casting technology, the craftsmen of bronze mirror in Tang Dynasty were influenced by the plastic arts of Sassanian Dynasty in Persia. They broke the traditional mold in the production of bronze mirror, and there appeared a variety of flower shaped mirrors, which became a gorgeous landscape in the bronze mirror.
The decorative patterns of bronze mirrors are also rich and colorful, including four gods and twelve zodiac mirrors, auspicious animal mirrors, auspicious animal grape mirrors, auspicious flower mirrors, immortal figure mirrors, special craft mirrors, auspicious animal Luan bird mirrors, Panlong mirrors, eight trigrams mirrors, ten thousand characters mirrors, etc.; the magnificent decoration style shows the grandeur and glory of the prosperous times, just like the classic saying in Tang Poetry: "song of man, wine of young age, flower dance, spring of Tang Dynasty" 。
In addition to its superb artistry, ancient bronze mirrors also have a strong sense of mystery. In the ancient concept, bronze mirror is generally considered to have the function of avoiding evil and eliminating disasters. For example, in the inscriptions on bronze mirrors of the Han Dynasty, there are common phrases such as "go ominous", "avoid ominous" and "avoid ominous".
Because of the superstition of bronze mirror, people often use mirror to predict good and bad luck, which is called "mirror hearing" in the literature. It is impossible to know today when "mirror hearing" originated, but from some data, it was very common before Tang Dynasty. Wang Jian, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty, wrote that a poor woman used "mirror hearing" to predict her husband's return and auspiciousness.
The ancient people's worship of mirror is still left in some folk customs today. For example, in many areas of northern China, people often inlay or hang a mirror on their own door, which is said to be able to "ward off evil spirits and exorcise ghosts".
In ancient times, copper was a distant object for ordinary people, and bronze mirror was a precious object for rich people.
This bronze mirror is extremely exquisite in casting. The coating is natural and mellow. The red spots are born from the inside. The patterns are simple but rich. It's very delicate and vivid. The quality is perfect. It's really rare.